Wednesday, August 21, 2013

MS Excel - Reset Comments to Original Position

Little bit of Excel knowledge is a must thing :

I ran into an issue recently, got mail with all comments not in the right position. Following code snippet helped to survive

ATL+F7 took me to vba

Pasted the following and ran this :-

Sub ResetComments()
Dim cmt As Comment
For Each cmt In ActiveSheet.Comments
cmt.Shape.Top = cmt.Parent.Top + 5
cmt.Shape.Left = _
cmt.Parent.Offset(0, 1).Left + 5
Next
End Sub

And ofcoz Review tab helped me to hide them later :)

Understanding BIOS keywords - Dmidecode

dmidecode --type {KEYWORD / Number }
You need to pass dmidecode following keywords:
  • bios
  • system
  • baseboard
  • chassis
  • processor
  • memory
  • cache
  • connector
  • slot
All DMI types you need to use with dmidecode --type {Number}:
# TypeShort Description
0BIOS
1System
2Base Board
3Chassis
4Processor
5Memory Controller
6Memory Module
7Cache
8Port Connector
9System Slots
10On Board Devices
11OEM Strings
12System Configuration Options
13BIOS Language
14Group Associations
15System Event Log
16Physical Memory Array
17Memory Device
1832-bit Memory Error
19Memory Array Mapped Address
20Memory Device Mapped Address
21Built-in Pointing Device
22Portable Battery
23System Reset
24Hardware Security
25System Power Controls
26Voltage Probe
27Cooling Device
28Temperature Probe
29Electrical Current Probe
30Out-of-band Remote Access
31Boot Integrity Services
32System Boot
3364-bit Memory Error
34Management Device
35Management Device Component
36Management Device Threshold Data
37Memory Channel
38IPMI Device
39Power Supply
Display Power supply information, enter:
# dmidecode --type 39
Display CPU information, enter:
# dmidecode --type processor
Read man page for more information:
$ man dmidecode

I see this not working in SPLAT with type switch

Monday, August 19, 2013

BIGIP F5 Command Line (bigpipe Vs tmsh)

BIGIP F5 Command Line (bigpipe Vs tmsh)

b arp show show /net arp all
b arp all delete tmsh delete /net arp all
b class DATA-GROUP mode read modify ltm data-group DATA-GROUP access-mode read-only
b class show show running-config /ltm data-group
b cluster show show /sys cluster all-properties
b config load file.ucs load /sys ucs file.ucs
b config save file.ucs save /sys ucs file.ucs
b config sync run /cm config-sync from-group/to-group DEVICEGROUPNAME
b conn show show /sys connection
b conn show all show /sys connection all-properties Show all connection table properties
b conn ss server node-ip:node-port delete delete /sys connection ss-server-addr node-ip ss-server-port node-port Delete connection table entries for node-ip node-port
b daemon list list /sys daemon-ha all-properties
b db < key name > < value > modify /sys db < key name > value < value > Modify database values
b db Platform.PowerSupplyMonitor disable tmsh modify sys db platform.powersupplymonitor value disable Disables PSU alert if only one PSU in use on Dual PSU system
b db show show running-config /sys db -hidden all-properties
b export my.config.scf save /sys scf my.config.scf v10.x only
b export my.config.scf save /sys config file my.config.scf tar-file my.config.tar v11.0+
b failover standby run /sys failover standby v11+
b fo show show /sys failover
b fo standby run /util bigpipe fo standby v10+
b ha table show /sys ha-status all-properties
b hardware baud rate modify /sys console baud-rate v10: sol10621 | v11: sol13325
b ha table show show /sys ha-status all-properties
b httpd list list /sys httpd To list httpd configuration.
b import my.config.scf load /sys scf my.config.scf v10.x only
b import my.config.scf load /sys config file my.config.scf tar-file my.config.tar v11.0+
b interface show -j show /net interface -hidden all-properties -hidden is not tab completable, but should be shown in the command output on iHealth.
b load load sys config partitions all
b merge load /sys config merge Added in v11. In v10 use bigpipe
b merge /path/to/file.txt tmsh load /sys config file /path/to/file.txt merge Merge a file into the BIG-IP configuration. Added in v11. In v10, use bigpipe
b mgmt show show running-config /sys management-ip
b monitor show show running-config /ltm monitor (?)
b nat show show /ltm nat all or list /ltm nat all-properties The two tmsh commands are required here since b nat show will list the unit preference and ARP status. Statistical information is shown via “show” while configuration information is shown via “list”.
b node all monitor show list ltm node monitor
b node show show /ltm node
b ntp servers 10.10.10.10 modify sys ntp servers add { 10.10.10.10 }
b packet filter all show show /net packet-fliter
b partition list auth partition no “show” command yet, list will only show written partitions
b persist tmsh show ltm persistence persist-records
b platform show /sys hardware
b pool list list /ltm pool
b pool show show /ltm pool members
b profile access all stats

b profile auth all show all show /ltm auth profile all The tmsh auth command does not display associated OCSP information shown by bigpipe.
b profile http ramcache show show /ltm profile http
b profile http stats show /ltm profile http
b profile ssl stats show /ltm profile ssl
b profile persist profile_name list all tmsh list ltm persistence profile_name all-properties
b profile tcp show show /ltm profile tcp
b profile tcp stats show /ltm profile tcp
b profile udp show show /ltm profile udp
b profile udp stats show /ltm profile udp
b profile xml show show /ltm profile xml
b reset load / sys default-config v10.x
b reset load / sys config default v11.x
b route show show /net route all
b rule < rule > show all show /ltm rule < rule >
b rule show show /ltm rule all
b rule stats reset reset-stats /ltm rule < rule >
b save save sys config partitions all
b self show show running-config /net self
b snat show /ltm snat
b snatpool show show /ltm snatpool
b software show sys software
b software desired install sys software image NAME volume HDX.Y reboot
b software desired install sys software image NAME create-volume volume HDX.Y v11.0+ : Creates volume and installs software. (Cannot create empty volumes in v11)
b software desired install sys software hotfix NAME volume HDX.Y Installs desired Hotfix to the specified Volume.
b stp show show running-config /net stp all-properties
b syslog list all list sys syslog all-properties
b syslog remote server none modify sys syslog remote-servers none
b syslog remote server test-srv host 192.168.206.47 modify sys syslog remote-servers add {test-srv{host 192.168.206.47}} You can append “remote-port 517″ for example to the end of the command to specify the port
b syslog remote server test-srv local ip 172.28.72.90 modify sys syslog remote-servers modify {test-srv{local-ip 172.28.72.90}} The self ip must be non-floating
b system hostname modify sys global-settings hostname NEWHOST.EXAMPLE.COM
b trunk show -j show /net trunk -hidden all
b trunk all lacp show show /net trunk detail
b unit show

b verify load load sys config verify
b version show /sys version Takes grep (but not “head” as in “b version |head”) – for example, grep on build: tmsh show sys version |grep -i build
b virtual address show show /ltm virtual-address all-properties “show” does not show the objects used by the virtual, and list does not show statistics.
b virtual all show all show /ltm virtual all-properties or list /ltm virtual all-properties “show” does not show the objects used by the virtual, and list does not show statistics.
b vlan all show all -j show /net vlan -hidden
b vlangroup all show all show /net vlan-group all
bigstart status|start|stop|restart SERVICE_NAME show|start|stop|restart sys service SERVICE_NAME
bpsh (?) load sys config from-terminal merge

Wednesday, July 3, 2013

Cisco ASA : Traffic Flow

It is always a mystery that we call ASA as a full time Enterprise Firewall. Well, may be in Paper :)

This was always been in my mind, What is the traffic flow in ASA? And it has been sometime this question haunting me,

Here is my Answer,


With VPN and Static NAT
@@@@@@@@@@


1. Check For Existing Connection (Cisco call it as ASA, LOL we know who invented it.)
2. Dest NAT
3. ACL
4. uAuth (Cut Thru proxy)
5. Source NAT
6. Encrypt (VPN)
7. RPF
8. VPN Flow
9. NAT (Host Limits : I need to put some lights here,Seems to be Connection, Embryonic limit)
10. Flow Creation

And Traffic leaves ASA

I made 4.2.2.2 as https server, just took that IP as I am familiar with that IP ;)

Evidence
@@@@

FW(config)# packet-tracer input inside tcp 172.16.1.xxx 1025 4.2.2.2 443

Phase: 1
Type: UN-NAT
Subtype: static
Result: ALLOW
Config:
static (outside,inside) 4.2.2.2 72.163.4.161 netmask 255.255.255.255
  match ip outside host 72.163.4.161 inside any
    static translation to 4.2.2.2
    translate_hits = 0, untranslate_hits = 1
Additional Information:
NAT divert to egress interface outside
Untranslate 4.2.2.2/0 to 72.163.4.161/0 using netmask 255.255.255.255

Phase: 2
Type: ACCESS-LIST
Subtype: log
Result: ALLOW
Config:
access-group acl_inside in interface inside
access-list acl_inside extended permit ip any any
Additional Information:

Phase: 3
Type: IP-OPTIONS
Subtype:
Result: ALLOW
Config:
Additional Information:

Phase: 4
Type: AAA
Subtype: aaa-auth
Result: ALLOW
Config:
Additional Information:

Phase: 5
Type: NAT
Subtype:
Result: ALLOW
Config:
nat (inside) 1 172.16.1.xxx 255.255.255.0
  match ip inside 172.16.1.xxx 255.255.255.0 outside any
    dynamic translation to pool 1 (60.15.22.xxx [Interface PAT])
    translate_hits = 77423, untranslate_hits = 376
Additional Information:
Dynamic translate 172.16.1.101/1024 to 60.15.22.xxx/11278 using netmask 255.255.255.255

Phase: 6
Type: NAT
Subtype: host-limits
Result: ALLOW
Config:
nat (inside) 1 172.16.1.xxx 255.255.255.0
  match ip inside 172.16.1.xxx 255.255.255.0 outside any
    dynamic translation to pool 1 (60.15.22.xxx [Interface PAT])
    translate_hits = 77423, untranslate_hits = 376
Additional Information:

Phase: 7
Type: VPN
Subtype: encrypt
Result: ALLOW
Config:
Additional Information:

Phase: 8
Type: NAT
Subtype: rpf-check
Result: ALLOW
Config:
static (outside,inside) 4.2.2.2 72.163.4.161 netmask 255.255.255.255
  match ip outside host 72.163.4.161 inside any
    static translation to 4.2.2.2
    translate_hits = 0, untranslate_hits = 1
Additional Information:

Phase: 9
Type: VPN
Subtype: ipsec-tunnel-flow
Result: ALLOW
Config:
Additional Information:

Phase: 10
Type: NAT
Subtype: host-limits
Result: ALLOW
Config:
static (outside,inside) 4.2.2.2 72.163.4.161 netmask 255.255.255.255
  match ip outside host 72.163.4.161 inside any
    static translation to 4.2.2.2
    translate_hits = 0, untranslate_hits = 1
Additional Information:

Phase: 11
Type: IP-OPTIONS
Subtype:
Result: ALLOW
Config:
Additional Information:

Phase: 12
Type: FLOW-CREATION
Subtype:
Result: ALLOW
Config:
Additional Information:
New flow created with id 80156, packet dispatched to next module

Result:
input-interface: inside
input-status: up
input-line-status: up
output-interface: outside
output-status: up
output-line-status: up
Action: allow


VPN Without NAT (IP are Diff)
======================

`FW(config)# packet-tracer input inside tcp 172.16.1.xxx 1025 4.2.2.2 443

Phase: 1
Type: ROUTE-LOOKUP
Subtype: input
Result: ALLOW
Config:
Additional Information:
in   0.0.0.0         0.0.0.0         outside

Phase: 2
Type: ACCESS-LIST
Subtype: log
Result: ALLOW
Config:
access-group acl_inside in interface inside
access-list acl_inside extended permit ip any any
Additional Information:

Phase: 3
Type: IP-OPTIONS
Subtype:
Result: ALLOW
Config:
Additional Information:

Phase: 4
Type: AAA
Subtype: aaa-auth
Result: ALLOW
Config:
Additional Information:

Phase: 5
Type: NAT
Subtype:
Result: ALLOW
Config:
nat (inside) 1 172.16.1.0 255.255.255.0
  match ip inside 172.16.1.0 255.255.255.0 outside any
    dynamic translation to pool 1 (68.15.22.xxx [Interface PAT])
    translate_hits = 77311, untranslate_hits = 373
Additional Information:
Dynamic translate 172.16.1.xxx/1024 to 68.15.22.xxx/65412 using netmask 255.255.255.255

Phase: 6
Type: NAT
Subtype: host-limits
Result: ALLOW
Config:
nat (inside) 1 172.16.1.0 255.255.255.0
  match ip inside 172.16.1.0 255.255.255.0 outside any
    dynamic translation to pool 1 (68.15.22.xxx [Interface PAT])
    translate_hits = 77311, untranslate_hits = 373
Additional Information:

Phase: 7
Type: VPN
Subtype: encrypt
Result: ALLOW
Config:
Additional Information:

Phase: 8
Type: VPN
Subtype: ipsec-tunnel-flow
Result: ALLOW
Config:
Additional Information:

Phase: 9
Type: IP-OPTIONS
Subtype:
Result: ALLOW
Config:
Additional Information:

Phase: 10
Type: FLOW-CREATION
Subtype:
Result: ALLOW
Config:
Additional Information:
New flow created with id 80024, packet dispatched to next module

Result:
input-interface: inside
input-status: up
input-line-status: up
output-interface: outside
output-status: up
output-line-status: up
Action: allow


I had this in my notes, I commented it now between 1 & 2 :)


Packet Flow Sequence
====================
PIX/ASA - Inside (Higher Sec_Lev) to Outside (Lower SEC_Level)
---------------------------------------------------------------
Eg. Type - [Sub-Type] - Description
1. FLOW-LOOKUP - [] - Check for existing connections, if none found create a new connection.
2. ROUTE-LOOKUP - [input] - Initial Checking (Reverse Path Check, etc.)

Comment : I believe DST nat should happen here so it it will match the ACL, this is proved in above example
3. ACCESS-LIST - [log] - ACL Lookup
4. CONN-SETTINGS - [] - class-map, policy-map, service-policy
5. IP-OPTIONS - [] -
6. NAT - [] - xlate
7. NAT - [host-limits] -
8. IP-OPTIONS - [] -
9. FLOW-CREATION - [] - If everything passes up until this point a connection is created.
10. ROUTE-LOOKUP - [output and adjacency]

Wednesday, June 26, 2013

How to delete IP Address from a Nokia IPSO interface when VRRP enabled on the Interface :




#Check the mode if it is monitored:

dbget -rv ipsrd:instance:default:vrrp:interface:eth-s1p3c0

#Remove interface from vrrp monitoring:

dbset ipsrd:instance:default:vrrp:interface:eth-s1p3c0:mode

#Delete the interface IP Address

clish -c "delete interface eth-s1p3c0 address 192.168.150.5"

#Save the configs

dbset save

Thursday, May 30, 2013

Check Point : Provider-1 / Smart Center Sever - Connected Admins

After a long time, I got something to post; Something which I lost in-transit...

How to check any connected admins from CLI of a Provider-1 or a SmartCenter Server

It is very simple, 


Provider-1
==========

[Expert@Provider-1]# mdsenv 192.168.1.100
[Expert@Provider-1]# cpstat mg

Product Name:  Check Point SmartCenter Server
Major version: 6
Minor version: 0
Build number:  730640034
Is started:    1
Active status: active
Status:        OK


Connected clients
----------------------------------------------------------
|Client type   |Administrator|Host         |Database lock|
----------------------------------------------------------
|SmartDashboard|admin    |TRE-3SPENCERA|false        |
----------------------------------------------------------

Smart Center Server
==================

[Expert@SCS]# cpstat mg

Product Name:  Check Point SmartCenter Server
Major version: 6
Minor version: 0
Build number:  730640034
Is started:    1
Active status: active
Status:        OK


Connected clients
----------------------------------------------------------
|Client type   |Administrator|Host         |Database lock|
----------------------------------------------------------
|SmartDashboard|admin    |TRE-3SPENCERA|false        |
----------------------------------------------------------


Tuesday, October 9, 2012

FTP : Syntax and Examples

List of FTP commands for the Microsoft command-line FTP client

Command-line options

As you're starting the program from a DOS prompt:
ftp [-v] [-d] [-i] [-n] [-g] [-s:filename] [-a] [-w:windowsize] [computer]
  • -v - Suppresses verbose display of remote server responses.
  • -n - Suppresses auto-login upon initial connection.
  • -i - Turns off interactive prompting during multiple file transfers.
  • -d - Enables debugging, displaying all ftp commands passed between the client and server.
  • -g - Disables filename globbing, which permits the use of wildcard chracters in local file and path names.
  • -s:filename - Specifies a text file containing ftp commands; the commands will automatically run after ftp starts. No spaces are allowed in this parameter. Use this switch instead of redirection (>).
  • -a - Use any local interface when binding data connection.
  • -w:windowsize - Overrides the default transfer buffer size of 4096.
  • computer - Specifies the computer name or IP address of the remote computer to connect to. The computer, if specified, must be the last parameter on the line.

Client commands

  • ! - Runs the specified command on the local computer
  • ? - Displays descriptions for ftp commands
  • append - Appends a local file to a file on the remote computer
  • ascii - Sets the file transfer type to ASCII, the default
  • bell - Toggles a bell to ring after each file transfer command is completed (default = OFF)
  • binary - Sets the file transfer type to binary
  • bye - Ends the FTP session and exits ftp
  • cd - Changes the working directory on the remote computer
  • close - Ends the FTP session and returns to the command interpreter
  • debug - Toggles debugging (default = OFF)
  • delete - Deletes a single file on a remote computer
  • dir - Displays a list of a remote directory's files and subdirectories
  • disconnect - Disconnects from the remote computer, retaining the ftp prompt
  • get - Copies a single remote file to the local computer
  • glob - Toggles filename globbing (wildcard characters) (default = ON)
  • hash - Toggles hash-sign (#) printing for each data block transferred (default = OFF)
  • help - Displays descriptions for ftp commands
  • lcd - Changes the working directory on the local computer
  • literal - Sends arguments, verbatim, to the remote FTP server
  • ls - Displays an abbreviated list of a remote directory's files and subdirectories
  • mdelete - Deletes one or more files on a remote computer
  • mdir - Displays a list of a remote directory's files and subdirectories
  • mget - Copies one or more remote files to the local computer
  • mkdir - Creates a remote directory
  • mls - Displays an abbreviated list of a remote directory's files and subdirectories
  • mput - Copies one or more local files to the remote computer
  • open - Connects to the specified FTP server
  • prompt - Toggles prompting (default = ON)
  • put - Copies a single local file to the remote computer
  • pwd - Displays the current directory on the remote computer (literally, "print working directory")
  • quit - Ends the FTP session with the remote computer and exits ftp (same as "bye")
  • quote - Sends arguments, verbatim, to the remote FTP server (same as "literal")
  • recv - Copies a remote file to the local computer
  • remotehelp - Displays help for remote commands
  • rename - Renames remote files
  • rmdir - Deletes a remote directory
  • send - Copies a local file to the remote computer (same as "put")
  • status - Displays the current status of FTP connections
  • trace - Toggles packet tracing (default = OFF)
  • type - Sets or displays the file transfer type (default = ASCII)
  • user - Specifes a user to the remote computer
  • verbose - Toggles verbose mode (default = ON)


!

Runs the specified command on the local computer. Syntax: ! [command]
Parameter(s):
command - Specifies the command to run on the local computer. If command is omitted, the local command prompt is displayed; type "exit" to return to ftp.

?

Displays descriptions for ftp commands. ? is identical to help. Syntax: ? [command]
Parameter(s):
command - Specifies the name of the command about which you want a description. If command is not specified, ftp displays a list of all commands.

append

Appends a local file to a file on the remote computer using the current file type setting. Syntax: append local-file [remote-file]
Parameter(s):
local-file - Specifies the local file to add.
remote-file - Specifies the file on the remote computer to which local-file will be added. If remote-file is omitted, the local filename is used for the remote filename.

ascii

Sets the file transfer type to ASCII, the default. Syntax: ascii
Note
FTP supports two file transfer types, ASCII and binary image. ASCII should be used when transferring text files. See also binary.
In ASCII mode, character conversions to and from the network standard character set are performed. For example, end-of-line characters are converted as necessary, based on the target operating system.

bell

Toggles a bell to ring after each file transfer command is completed. By default, the bell is off. Syntax: bell


binary

Sets the file transfer type to binary. Syntax: binary
Note
FTP supports two file transfer types, ASCII and binary image. Binary should be used when transferring executable files. In binary mode, the file is moved byte-by-byte. See also ascii.

bye

Ends the FTP session with the remote computer and exits ftp. Syntax: bye


cd

Changes the working directory on the remote computer. Syntax: cd remote-directory
Parameter(s):
remote-directory - Specifies the directory on the remote computer to change to.

close

Ends the FTP session with the remote server and returns to the command interpreter. Syntax: close


debug

Toggles debugging. When debugging is on, each command sent to the remote computer is printed, preceded by the string --->. By default, debugging is off. Syntax: debug


delete

Deletes a single file on a remote computer. See also mdelete, which can delete multiple files. Syntax: delete remote-file
Parameter(s):
remote-file - Specifies the file to delete.

dir

Displays a list of a remote directory's files and subdirectories. See also mdir, which can list multiple directories. Syntax: dir [remote-directory] [local-file]
Parameter(s):
remote-directory - Specifies the directory for which you want to see a listing. If no directory is specified, the current working directory on the remote computer is used.
local-file - Specifies a local file to store the listing. If not specified, output is displayed on the screen.

disconnect

Disconnects from the remote computer, retaining the ftp prompt. Syntax: disconnect


get

Copies a remote file to the local computer using the current file transfer type. See also mget, which can copy multiple files. Syntax: get remote-file [local-file]
Parameter(s):
remote-file
Specifies the remote file to copy.
local-file
Specifies the name to use on the local computer. If not specified, the file is given the remote-file name.

glob

Toggles filename globbing. Globbing permits use of wildcard characters in local file or path names. By default, globbing is on. Syntax: glob


hash

Toggles hash-sign (#) printing for each data block transferred. The size of a data block is 2048 bytes. By default, hash mark printing is off. Syntax: hash


help

Displays descriptions for ftp commands. Syntax: help [command]
Parameter(s):
command - Specifies the name of the command about which you want a description. If command is not specified, ftp displays a list of all commands.

lcd

Changes the working directory on the local computer. By default, the working directory is the directory in which ftp was started. Syntax: lcd [directory]
Parameter(s):
directory - Specifies the directory on the local computer to change to. If directory is not specified, the current working directory on the local computer is displayed.

literal

Sends arguments, verbatim, to the remote FTP server. A single FTP reply code is expected in return. Syntax: literal argument [ ...]
Parameter(s):
argument - Specifies the argument to send to the FTP server.

ls

Displays an abbreviated list of a remote directory's files and subdirectories. Syntax: ls [remote-directory] [local-file]
Parameter(s):
remote-directory - Specifies the directory for which you want to see a listing. If no directory is specified, the current working directory on the remote computer is used.
local-file - Specifies a local file to store the listing. If not specified, output is displayed on the screen.

mdelete

Deletes one or more files on a remote computer. Syntax: mdelete remote-files [ ...]
Parameter(s):
remote-files - Specifies the remote files to delete.

mdir

Displays a list of a remote directory's files and subdirectories. Mdir allows you to specify multiple files. Syntax: mdir remote-files [ ...] local-file
Parameter(s):
remote-files - Specifies the directory for which you want to see a listing. Remote-files must be specified; type "-" to use the current working directory on the remote computer.
local-file - Specifies a local file to store the listing. Type "-" to display the listing on the screen.

mget

Copies one or more remote files to the local computer using the current file transfer type. Syntax: mget remote-files [ ...]
Parameter(s):
remote-files - Specifies the remote file(s) to copy to the local computer.

mkdir

Creates a remote directory. Syntax: mkdir directory
Parameter(s):
directory - Specifies the name of the new remote directory.

mls

Displays an abbreviated list of a remote directory's files and subdirectories. Syntax: mls remote-files [ ...] local-file
Parameter(s):
remote-files - Specifies the files for which you want to see a listing. Remote-files must be specified; type "-" to use the current working directory on the remote computer.
local-file - Specifies a local file to store the listing. Type "-" to display the listing on the screen.

mput

Copies one or more local files to the remote computer using the current file transfer type. Syntax: mput local-files [ ...]
Parameter(s):
local-files - Specifies the local files to copy to the remote computer.

open

Connects to the specified FTP server. Syntax: open computer [port]
Parameter(s):
computer - Specifies the remote computer to connect to. Computer can be specified by IP address or computer name (a DNS or HOSTS file must be available). If auto-login is on (default), FTP also attempts to automatically log the user in to the FTP server (see Ftp command-line options to disable auto-login).
port - Specifies a port number to use to contact an FTP server.

prompt

Toggles prompting. Ftp prompts during multiple file transfers to allow you to selectively retrieve or store files; mget and mput transfer all files if prompting is turned off. By default, prompting is on. Syntax: prompt


put

Copies a local file to the remote computer using the current file transfer type. See also mput, which can copy multiple files. Syntax: put local-file [remote-file]
Parameter(s):
local-file - Specifies the local file to copy.
remote-file - Specifies the name to use on the remote computer. If not specified, the file is given the local-file name.

pwd

Displays the current directory on the remote computer. Syntax: pwd


quit

Ends the FTP session with the remote computer and exits ftp. Syntax: quit


quote

Sends arguments, verbatim, to the remote FTP server. A single FTP reply code is expected in return. Quote is identical to literal. Syntax: quote argument [ ...]
Parameter(s):
argument - Specifies the argument to send to the FTP server.

recv

Copies a remote file to the local computer using the current file transfer type. Recv is identical to get. Syntax: recv remote-file [local-file]
Parameter(s):
remote-file - Specifies the remote file to copy.
local-file - Specifies the name to use on the local computer. If not specified, the file is given the remote-file name.

remotehelp

Displays help for remote commands. Syntax: remotehelp [command]
Parameter(s):
command - Specifies the name of the command about which you want help. If command is not specified, ftp displays a list of all remote commands.

rename

Renames remote files. Syntax: rename filename newfilename
Parameter(s):
filename - Specifies the file you want to rename.
newfilename - Specifies the new filename.

rmdir

Deletes a remote directory. Syntax: rmdir directory
Parameter(s):
directory - Specifies the name of the remote directory to delete.

send

Copies a local file to the remote computer using the current file transfer type. Send is identical to put. Syntax: send local-file [remote-file]
Parameter(s):
local-file - Specifies the local file to copy.
remote-file - Specifies the name to use on the remote computer. If not specified, the file is given the local-file name.

status

Displays the current status of FTP connections and toggles. Syntax: status


trace

Toggles packet tracing; trace displays the route of each packet when running an ftp command. Syntax: trace


type

Sets or displays the file transfer type. Syntax: type [type-name]
Parameter(s):
type-name - Specifies the file transfer type; the default is ASCII. If type-name is not specified, the current type is displayed.
Note
FTP supports two file transfer types, ASCII and binary image.
ASCII should be used when transferring text files. In ASCII mode, character conversions to and from the network standard character set are performed. For example, end-of-line characters are converted as necessary, based on the destination's operating system.
Binary should be used when transferring executable files. In binary mode, the file is moved byte-by-byte.

user

Specifes a user to the remote computer. Syntax: user user-name [password] [account]
Parameter(s):
user-name - Specifies a user name with which to log in to the remote computer.
password - Specifies the password for user-name. If not specified, but required, ftp prompts for the password.
account - Specifies an account with which to log on to the remote computer. If account is not specified, but required, ftp prompts for the account.

verbose

Toggles verbose mode. If on, all ftp responses are displayed; when a file transfer completes, statistics regarding the efficiency of the transfer are also displayed. By default, verbose is on. Syntax: verbose